of the Universe
a manifestation of the Ultimate Reality. Generally Taoist beliefs correctly
predicted modern scientific discoveries in quantum physics; hence Fritjof
Capra's "The Tao of Physics" is aptly named.
Taoist notion of Good and Evil, it is important to distinguish between
the concept of evil versus the reality of evil.
Taoist do not hold the position of Good against Evil; rather they see
the interdependence of all dualities. So when one labels something as
an Good, one automatically creates Evil. That is, all concepts necessarily
are based on one aspect coproducting another; if a concept were to have
only one aspect it would be nonsensical. Similar to the Buddhist concept
of Sunyata "the void", good and evil are just empty conceptual abstractions
that have no permanent independent existence.
Good and Evil is that all actions contain some aspect of each. This is
represented in the t'ai chi, more commonly referred to as the yin-yang
symbol. Any action would have some negative (yin) and some positive (yang)
aspect to it. Taoist believe that nature is a continual balance between
yin and yang, and that any attempt to go towards one extreme or the other
will be ineffective, self-defeating and short-lived. When people interfere
with the natural balance by trying to impose their egoistic plans, they
will not succeed; rather, the non-egoistic person allows nature to unfold
watching it ebb and flow from good to bad and back again.
understanding this is that the sage person knows the reality of
Good and Evil, whereas the fool concentrates on the concept of
good and evil. The sage knows that any evil will soon be replaced by good,
the fool is forever fruitlessly trying to eliminate evil. If action is
necessary, the wise person follows Wu Wei (sometimes translated as "effortless
action") which is in harmony with the Tao.
Korzybski expressed this distinction between the concept and the reality
with the saying, "The map is not the territory." Alan Watts concurred
with "The menu is not the meal."